Are there any projects about marine protection that can be held?

Introduction: What projects can be held on marine protection? 1. Are there any projects related to marine protection that can be held? 2. Ocean bottom landscape (text) 3. What is ocean landscape?

1. Are there any projects related to marine protection that can be held?

Project 1: Strengthen the protection of marine biodiversity.

Carry out a marine biodiversity census, focusing on investigation and assessment of 98 priority areas for marine biodiversity protection. Strengthen the management of marine endangered species protection and prevention of invasive alien species, and build marine aquatic life nature reserves and marine aquatic germplasm resource reserves. Strengthen the planning and management of various marine protected areas, and improve the construction of marine protected area infrastructure and standard systems. By 2015, 3 new national-level marine nature reserves and 44 special marine reserves will be established, and the formation of a network of marine reserves will be promoted. Research and establish a marine ecological compensation mechanism, and select typical sea areas to carry out marine ecological compensation pilot projects.

Project 2: Promote marine ecosystem restoration.

Protect and restore important marine ecosystems such as coastal wetlands, salt marshes, mangroves, coral reefs and seagrass beds. Strengthen research on marine ecological restoration technology, implement marine ecological restoration projects, build 25 marine biological resource restoration areas, carry out ecological restoration of 35 coastal wetlands, add 200 square kilometers of tidal wetland vegetation area, of which 100 square kilometers are planted with mangroves, and reeds are restored Wetland 100 square kilometers. Carry out artificial breeding and ecological restoration of coral reefs in Daya Bay and Leizhou Peninsula in Guangdong, Weizhou Island in Guangxi, surrounding areas of Hainan and Xisha. Plan and build a marine ecological civilization demonstration zone in coastal areas.

Project 3: Strengthen marine ecological monitoring and ecological disaster management.

Improve marine ecological monitoring capabilities, improve the marine ecological monitoring system, and strengthen marine ecological disaster early warning and prevention. Improve satellite aerial remote sensing, remote video and online automatic monitoring capabilities, and build 18 new marine ecological monitoring stations. Build a monitoring network for marine green tides, jellyfish, invasive alien species, harmful organisms, and viral diseases, strengthen monitoring of marine red tides, and form 20 key ecological monitoring areas. Carry out application demonstrations of marine ecological disaster prevention and control technologies, and strengthen the construction of marine ecological disaster prevention and control systems and governance demonstration projects.

2. Landscape at the bottom of the ocean (text)

Ocean bottom landscape is a general term for the surface form of the solid earth covered by sea water.

There are towering seamounts, undulating sea hills, rolling ridges, deep trenches, and broad abyssal plains on the seabed.

The mid-ocean ridge, which runs through the middle of the ocean, stretches for 80,000 kilometers and is hundreds to thousands of kilometers wide. Its total area is comparable to the world’s land.

The deepest point of the ocean is 11,033 meters, located in the Mariana Trench in the Pacific Ocean, exceeding the altitude of Mount Everest (8,844.43 meters), the highest peak on land.

The seafloor landforms of the Pacific Ocean are highly undulating. In the eastern Pacific. There is a mid-ocean ridge and submarine ridges running from north to south, accounting for about 35% of the total area of ​​the Pacific Ocean. The mid-ocean ridge is a huge arc that starts from the Central Aleutian Basin in the north, passes through the Gulf of Alaska, the Gulf of California, and the Galapagos Islands, connects to the East Pacific Ocean, and then connects to the Indian Ocean Ridge system in the west. Its northern section is buried by the Pacific coast continent of the United States, and its southern section is the more obvious East Pacific Ridge. A mid-ocean ridge is a giant tectonic zone cut by a series of fault lines that run parallel to latitude lines and are thousands of kilometers long.

In the middle of the Pacific Ocean, there is a majestic undersea mountain range running slightly northwest to southeast. Starting from the Kamchatka Peninsula in the north, passing through the Hawaiian Islands and Line Islands to the Upper Amos Islands, it stretches for more than 10,000 kilometers, dividing the Pacific Ocean into east and west parts. To the west of this central Pacific mountain range, in addition to the northwest basin, the central Pacific basin and the South Pacific basin, there is also a sea of ​​seamounts scattered like stars. Some of these seamounts are sunk in the deep sea, while others stand above the sea and become islands. The Island of Hawaii is some of the peaks in the Central Pacific Undersea Mountains. They rise from the seabed at a depth of more than 5,000 meters. In addition, the main peak on the island is 427O meters above the sea, with an absolute height of more than 9,270 meters, exceeding the height of Mount Everest, the highest mountain on land. It can be seen that the scale of seamounts is very large. To the east of the Central Pacific Mountains, except for the North Pacific Basin, the East Pacific Basin and the Peru-Chile Basin. There are also the vast East Pacific Plateau and Albatross Platform.

Time and space are limited, otherwise I could find the underwater landscapes of all oceans for you.

3. What is ocean landscape?


Landscape refers to the complex composed of land and the space and materials on the land. It is the imprint of complex natural processes and human activities on the earth.

Multiple understandings of landscape:

Landscape is the carrier of multiple functions (processes) and can therefore be understood and expressed as:

Landscape: the object of the visual aesthetic process;

Habitat: the space and environment in which humans live;

Ecosystem: An organic system with structure and function and internal and external connections;

Symbol: a language and spiritual space that records the past of mankind, expresses hopes and ideals, and relies on identification and sustenance.

Geoscience understanding of landscape:

Surface phenomena; comprehensive natural geographical areas; geographical units.

Landscape includes the following meanings:

1. Refers to natural and artificial surface scenery with aesthetic characteristics, meaning scenery, sceneries, scenery;

2. In physical geography, it refers to the complex composed of terrain, landforms, soil, water bodies, plants and animals in a certain area;

3. The concept of landscape ecology refers to a spatially heterogeneous area composed of interacting patches or ecosystems that repeat in similar forms. It is a natural complex with classification meaning.

Landscape in the field of gardening generally refers to the first meaning.

Landscape is a dynamic overall system with time attributes, which is formed by the interaction of geographical circle, biosphere and human cultural circle. Today’s landscape concept has involved geography, ecology, gardening, architecture, culture, art, philosophy, aesthetics and other aspects. Since landscape research is a discipline that points out future directions and guides people’s behavior, it requires people to cross the boundaries of their fields, cross familiar modes of thinking, and establish a common foundation that integrates with other fields. Therefore, on the basis of integrating landscape concepts from various disciplines, it is necessary to better apply them to specific project construction such as various civil engineering construction, urban planning and design, and improvement of human settlements.