Pictures of tourist attractions in Northwest China Introduction to tourist attractions in Northwest China

Introduction: Pictures of northwest tourist attractions Introduction to northwest attractions 1. Introduction to northwest attractions 2. Northwest attractions 3. Northwest famous attractions 4. Complete introduction to northwest attractions 5. Introduction to northwest tourist attractions 6. Northwest attractions routes 7. What attractions are in the northwest 8. Northwest region Tourist Attractions 9. Introduction to Attractions in Northwest China

1. Introduction to northwest attractions

There are many tourist attractions in the northwest. For the elderly, we recommend the Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum, Qinghai Lake Scenic Area, Mogao Grottoes, Kanas Scenic Area in Xinjiang Altay Region, Mausoleum of the Yellow Emperor Scenic Area, Mingsha Mountain Crescent Spring Scenic Area, and Dayan in Xi’an, Shaanxi Province. Tower etc.

2. Northwest attractions

Answer: There are Federation Square, Royal Botanic Gardens, National Stadium, Victoria Gallery, and Eureka Tower.

3. Famous attractions in northwest China

There are many tourist attractions in the northwest of Baoding City.

Yixian County: Langya Mountain Scenic Area, Yishui Lake Scenic Area, Yunmeng Mountain Scenic Area, Taihang Water Town, Qingxiling, Jingke Pagoda, Zijingguan Great Wall, Cangu Tuo, Bailong Stream, Cai Jiayu, etc.

Laishui: Yesanpo, Baicaopan, Shidu, Bailixia, Xianqi Cave, Swan Lake, etc.

Laiyuan: Baishi Mountain National 5A Scenic Area, Shipu Gorge, etc. Beijing Fangshan Gushanzhai and so on.

4. An introduction to northwest attractions

National zoo ranking:

  1. Guangzhou Chimelong Wildlife World

  2. Shanghai Wildlife Park

  3. Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Base

  4. Beijing Daxing Wildlife Park

  5. Dalian Forest Zoo

  6. Xi’an Qinling Wildlife Park

  7. Hangzhou Wildlife World

1. Guangzhou Chimelong Wildlife World

Detailed introduction: Guangzhou Chimelong Wildlife World is not only famous domestically, but also attracts many overseas tourists every year. Not only can you see various rare animals in the park, but you can also enjoy the tropical rainforest and various entertainment projects. The park is very playable. I highly recommend this place to everyone who has time during holidays or has time.

2. Shanghai Wildlife Park

Detailed introduction: Shanghai Wildlife Park is my country’s first national-level wildlife park. In 2007, it was also included in the national AAAAA scenic spots. The park is very rich in species, and it also holds entertainment themed activities such as animal sports games and fashion shows, attracting many tourists.

3. Detailed introduction of Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Base: Speaking of zoos, how can we miss the Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Base, which is also an AAAA-level scenic spot in my country. As my country’s national treasure, pandas can be said to be very popular. This zoo attracts countless overseas tourists every year just to see giant pandas with their own eyes.

4. Beijing Daxing Wildlife Park

Detailed introduction: Daxing Wildlife Park is the largest zoo in Beijing. It not only has a variety of endangered creatures, but also has a beast experience area. Visitors can also choose to visit on foot or by self-driving. It is a very professional and diversified zoo, surrounded by forests. It is also a major attraction and well worth a visit.

5. Dalian Forest Zoo

Detailed introduction: This zoo is located in Baiyun Mountain in Dalian. The entire park covers an area of ​​7.2 square kilometers. There are more than 100 species of animals. Various green spaces and scenic spots are also worth seeing. It is a comprehensive The diversified scenic spots are well worth a visit. In 1998, it was awarded the honor of “Top Ten Scenic Spots”.

6. Xi’an Qinling Wildlife Park

 Detailed introduction: This zoo has been relocated and is now located in the Qinling Mountains. There are more than 300 species of animals in the park, making it one of the largest zoos in the entire northwest region. Not only can you see a variety of creatures here, but you can also enjoy leisure, shopping, sightseeing and exclusive activities.

7. Hangzhou Wildlife World

Detailed introduction: This zoo is located in the southwestern suburbs of Hangzhou City. It is a comprehensive ecological park integrating sightseeing and leisure travel. It is also a national AAAA-level scenic spot. There are very rich types of wild animals here, as well as various endangered wild animals. It covers an area of ​​3,500 acres, making it the largest in the entire East China region.

5. Introduction to northwest tourist attractions

Famous tourist attractions in northwest China

1. Qin Shihuang Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum (World Heritage 5A Scenic Spot)

The Terracotta Warriors and Horses of Qin Shihuang, a world cultural heritage, one of the eight wonders of the world, a national 5A tourist attraction, and a national key cultural relics protection unit. The museum is based on the Terracotta Warriors and Horses of Qin Shihuang and is a heritage museum established on the original site of the Terracotta Warriors and Horses pit. It is also the largest ancient military museum in China. The Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses pit was discovered from 1974 to 1976, and the Qin Shi Huang Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum was opened to the public at home and abroad in 1979. The discovery of the Terracotta Warriors and Horses is hailed as the eighth wonder of the world and a great discovery in the archaeological history of the 20th century.

2. Shaanxi Huashan Scenic Area (5A Scenic Area National Geology)

Huashan Scenic Area is the most dangerous mountain in the world. It is a national-level scenic spot and one of the famous Five Mountains in my country. It is centered on the three landscape groups of Huashan Mountain, Yuquanyuan and Xiyue Temple, and includes the Great Wall of Wei, the ruins of Han Huacang and the Twelve Connected Cities of Tongguan. , Gutongguan, Shaohua Mountain, Qianlong Temple, Weihua Uprising Memorial Hall, Weinan Drum Tower, Huiming Temple Pagoda, Shigu Mountain, Lingtai Temple and other landscapes are connected together, forming a golden tourist route for Shaanxi East Line, Weinan South Line, and with Xi’an , Luoyang are connected to form the Shaanxi Dadong Line-Han and Tang Ancient Road tourism hotline. Huashan Mountain is not only a Taoist resort, it is the “Fourth Cave” of Taoism, and it is also one of the nine sun viewing places in China.

3. Tianshan Tianchi Scenic Area (World Heritage 5A Scenic Area National Geological and Water Conservancy Scenic Area)

Tianshan Tianchi is a world natural heritage, a national 5A tourist attraction, a national geological park, a national key scenic spot, a national civilized scenic tourist area, an international man and nature biosphere reserve, China’s top ten tourist destinations, and the best resource protection in China. It is a scenic spot and one of China’s top ten charming leisure tourism lakes. The Tianshan Tianchi Scenic Area is centered on Tianchi, with four complete vertical natural landscape zones, snow-capped mountains, glaciers, and alpine lakes as its main features. It takes the myth of the Queen Mother of the West in ancient Yaochi as its cultural connotation, as well as religion and unique ethnic folk customs. It integrates forests, grasslands, The snow-capped mountains and cultural landscape are integrated into one, and the scenery is unique.

4. Qinghai Lake Scenic Area (5A Scenic Area National Geological and Natural Protection Area)

Qinghai Lake Scenic Area, a national 5A scenic spot, is located between Datong Mountain, Riyue Mountain and Qinghai Nan Mountain in the northeast of Qinghai Province. Surrounded by mountains on three sides, it is rich and magnificent. It is the largest saltwater lake in my country and was called West Lake in ancient times. The scenic area is dominated by plateau lakes, and also includes grasslands, snow-capped mountains, deserts and other landscapes. Qinghai Lake Scenic Area is located in the northeastern part of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, known as the “Roof of the World”. There are five islands of different shapes in the lake: Haixin Mountain, Three Stones, Bird Island, Haixi Mountain, and Shadao. The mountains are verdant. The landscape is unique and its formation is famous for its Bird Island. The lake area is full of life, with yaks and cattle roaming everywhere, and sheep grazing, forming an pastoral scene like “cattle and sheep are visible only when the wind blows through the grass”.

5. Mogao Grottoes (World Heritage)

Mogao Grottoes, commonly known as Thousand Buddhas Cave, is located in Dunhuang at the west end of the Hexi Corridor. It was built in the pre-Qin period of the Sixteen Kingdoms, and has gone through the construction of the Sixteen Kingdoms, Northern Dynasties, Sui, Tang, Five Dynasties, Xixia, Yuan and other dynasties. It has formed a huge scale, with 735 caves, 45,000 square meters of murals, and mud paintings. With 2,415 colorful sculptures, it is the largest and richest Buddhist art site in the world. In 1961, the Mogao Grottoes were announced by the State Council of the People’s Republic of China as one of the first batch of national key cultural relics protection units. In 1987, the Mogao Grottoes were listed as a world cultural heritage. The Mogao Grottoes, together with the Yungang Grottoes in Datong, Shanxi, the Longmen Grottoes in Luoyang, Henan, and the Maijishan Grottoes in Tianshui, Gansu, are known as the four major grottoes in China.

6. Kanas Scenic Area in Altay Region (5A Scenic Area)

Kanas Scenic Area is located in the middle section of the Altai Mountains in Xinjiang, on the border between China, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Mongolia. It is one of the deep-water lakes in China and a national AAAAA-level tourist attraction. It has a national geological park, a national nature reserve, Jaden Yu National Forest Park, Baihaba National Forest Park. The main attractions of Kanas Scenic Area include Kanas Lake, Wolong Bay, Taiga Forest Corridor, etc. It is the core essence of Kanas National Scenic Area. It is strongly eroded by glaciers. Ice and stone surfaces clog the valley, forming a final The surface ridges form lakes.

7. Mausoleum of the Yellow Emperor Scenic Area (5A Scenic Area Scenic Area)

The Yellow Emperor’s Mausoleum Scenic Area, located in Huangling County, Yan’an City, is a comprehensive scenic area with the Yellow Emperor’s Mausoleum and Qiaoshan as the main body, and supplemented by the Xuanyuan Temple, Qinzhidao, Shikong Temple, Ziwuling forest scenery and loess features. It is an important national historical and cultural memorial site and loess landscape tourist area. It consists of three major scenic spots: the Mausoleum of the Yellow Emperor, Ziwu Ridge, and loess landscape, with a total area of ​​180 square kilometers. In March 1961, the Mausoleum of the Yellow Emperor was announced by the State Council as one of the first batch of national key cultural relics protection units, and was designated as the “No. 1 Ancient Tomb”. In May 2007, it was rated as one of the first batch of national AAAAA tourist attractions.

8. Mingsha Mountain Crescent Spring Scenic Area (5A Scenic Area Scenic Area)

Mingsha Mountain Crescent Spring Scenic Area, the main attractions are Crescent Moon Spring and Mingsha Mountain. Crescent Moon Spring is surrounded by Mingsha Mountain and is named after its shape resembling a crescent moon. Mingsha Mountain is located 5 kilometers away from the southern suburbs of Dunhuang City. It is named after the sound of the sand. Mingsha Mountain is formed by quicksand and is divided into five colors: red, yellow, green, white and black. Mingsha Mountain Crescent Spring Scenic Area was designated as a national key scenic area in 1994 and won honorary titles such as “one of the five most beautiful deserts in China”. On July 20, 2015, it was approved as a national AAAAA tourist attraction. In January 2016, the National Tourism Administration and the Ministry of Environmental Protection planned to identify the Mingsha Mountain Crescent Spring Scenic Area in Jiuquan City, Gansu Province as a national eco-tourism demonstration area.

6. Northwest scenic spots routes

As a native of Xi’an, let me answer this question! When everyone mentions Xi’an, they think of things like the Bell Tower, Terracotta Warriors and Horses, and the Wild Goose Pagoda! Whether it’s worth it or not mainly depends on what you want, so today’s sharing will focus on the following aspects!

As a knowledgeable cultural tourist, there are many places to visit in Xi’an. Go to the Bell Tower and Drum Tower to experience the historical vicissitudes and modern brilliance of Xi’an. The Bell Tower as the center of the city really witnesses the historical changes of Xi’an, and the Bell Tower when the lanterns are lit at the beginning also witnesses Many people came and went, and I took many people to take photos by the bell tower. The photos are here, and the bell tower is here. . . .

The Big Wild Goose Pagoda is similar to the Bell Tower, but what is worth watching is its water dance performance, a melodious and sonorous sound, a performance of softness and strength, water and light, which expresses the majesty of the Tang Dynasty and the long Silk Road! Well worth watching! Nowadays, Dayan Pagoda Square is also well developed and is a popular check-in spot for many Internet celebrities!

The third city wall is essential. Those with enough time and physical strength can take a pious walk along the city wall and touch the weathered city wall! Many bricks have writing on them!

The fourth Terracotta Warriors and Horses, one of the eight wonders of the world, are not as big or grand as those on TV! But for ancient people, it must have been a great masterpiece! In addition to the tombs, another museum worth seeing is the history of the excavation of the Terracotta Warriors and Horses. It tells the story of the efforts made by generations of people to excavate, repair and protect this place. Many people dedicated their lives to this vast northwest desert (very popular in the 1950s and 1960s). Desolation) Go to this place!

There is also a very important place, the Shaanxi History Museum. From the design of the museum itself to the built-in items, they are all rare treasures! I won’t go into details about other Tang Dynasty Furong Gardens, Huaqing Pool, Yellow Emperor’s Mausoleum, Famen Temple, etc.!

As a friend who likes natural scenery, Huashan Mountain in Xiyue is an indispensable challenge for you. However, you must prepare your physical strength and warm clothing. Needless to say, the dangers of Huashan Mountain are also very beautiful. The scenery on the top of the mountain is also extremely beautiful, from the beginning of the sun to the blue sky and white clouds. Don’t want to miss it!

There is another mountain, Taibai Mountain, which is also a must-see mountain flower in Shaanxi. Although it is not as famous as Huashan, the scenery is not inferior at all. The overall altitude is high, and there is snow on the top of the mountain all year round. Special geological reasons have formed many barrier lakes! Dayehai is a spot I have been looking forward to for a long time! So come at the right time, you can feel here from spring to winter, you can see the green alpine meadows, and you can also see the snow-covered mountains! If you can watch the sky full of stars, sunset and sunrise here, your life will really be complete!

Other Jinsi Gorge, Hukou Waterfall, Cuihua Mountain, Zhongnan Mountain, etc., I will introduce them again when I have the opportunity!

Finally, for the food, drink and fun type players, eat, Huimin Street is crowded and lively, and there are all kinds of things, but the taste is not very good! Yongxingfang is a new internet celebrity who quickly became famous after throwing a bowl of wine. There are all kinds of food, most of which are good! Then there are the classic restaurants that everyone collects, I will introduce them when I have time!

For fun, Lehua City Water World is good in everything except that there are many people. Bailucang has all kinds of amusement facilities, and there is a lot to eat. There are only tickets for the amusement facilities, but there are no other ones. It is very good! It feels more fun than Bailuyuan Film and Television City! Then there are the Kunming Pool and other competitions which are relatively average!

Let’s have a drinking and disco party, go to West Street, South Street, let’s go! Hi Climbing Duck, Thirteen Beasts, Affordable Happy Di! Eat, drink and play like a dragon, have fun! Anyway, if you need anything, just call your sister, Xiaohua!

How could we forget our red attractions at the end! How can we not visit Yan’an and the vast tracts of red hot land in northern Shaanxi often! You must go to Yan’an Revolution Memorial Hall! The names mentioned by Premier Zhou were fully explained in detail! Zaoyuan, Yangjialing, and Nanniwan each have their own charm. Friends who want to do red education can also come to you, Sister Xiaohua!

That’s all for today. In short, Miss Xiaohua from Shaanxi Treasure Box has remembered it.

7. What scenic spots are there in the northwest?

1. The northwest region in terms of geographical division includes five provinces or autonomous regions: Inner Mongolia, Gansu Province, Qinghai Province, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.

2. Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, referred to as “Inner Mongolia”, is a provincial administrative region of the People’s Republic of China and its capital is Hohhot. Located in North China, Inner Mongolia is bounded by 37°24′-53°23′ north latitude and 97°12′-126°04′ east longitude. It borders Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, and Hebei in the northeast, and Shanxi, Shaanxi, and Shanxi in the south. Ningxia is adjacent to Ningxia, Gansu to the southwest, and Russia and Mongolia to the north. Inner Mongolia has a total area of ​​1.183 million square kilometers.

3. Gansu, a provincial-level administrative region of the People’s Republic of China. The provincial capital is Lanzhou. Located in the inland area of ​​northwestern China, Gansu is bounded by 32°11′-42°57′ north latitude and 92°13′-108°46′ east longitude. It connects to Shaanxi in the east, Xinjiang in the west, overlooks Sichuan and Qinghai in the south, and stretches to the north. Ningxia, Inner Mongolia, and Mongolia border on the northwest end. Gansu Province has a total area of ​​425,900 square kilometers.

4. Qinghai Province, a provincial administrative region of the People’s Republic of China, with the provincial capital Xining. Located in the inland northwest of China, Qinghai is bounded between 31°36′-39°19′ north latitude and 89°35′-103°04′ east longitude. It borders Gansu to the north and east, Xinjiang to the northwest, and Xinjiang to the south. It borders Tibet in the southwest and Sichuan in the southeast. Qinghai Province has a total area of ​​722,300 square kilometers.

5. Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, a provincial administrative region of the People’s Republic of China, with its capital Yinchuan. Located in the inland area of ​​northwest China, Ningxia is bounded between 35°14-39°14 north latitude and 104°17-109°39 east longitude. It borders Shaanxi to the east, Inner Mongolia to the west and north, and Gansu to the south. The total area of ​​Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region is 6.64 Thousands of square kilometers.

6. The Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, with its capital Urumqi, is located in the northwest border of China. It is one of the five ethnic minority autonomous regions in China. It covers an area of ​​1.66 million square kilometers. Located in the hinterland of the Eurasian continent, it has a land border of more than 5,600 kilometers and borders eight countries: Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, Mongolia, India, and Afghanistan.

8. Tourist Attractions in Northwest China

Ancient Chinese poetry was most prosperous during the Tang and Song Dynasties. During the Tang and Song Dynasties, China’s economy reached unprecedented international influence, with frequent foreign exchanges, and economic development laid a material foundation for cultural prosperity. According to the “Complete Poems of the Tang Dynasty”, there are 50,209 poems from the Tang Dynasty that have been handed down to this day, including 2,164 fragments. The Song Dynasty was the dynasty of Ci. “The Complete Song Ci” and “The Complete Song Ci Supplement” contain a total of 20,800 lyrics by more than 1,430 poets.

In Tang poetry and Song lyrics, there are many sentences describing the scenery outside the Great Wall in the northwest:

1. Wang Changling’s “Crossing the Fortress” The bright moon of the Qin Dynasty and the Pass of the Han Dynasty, and the people who marched thousands of miles have not yet returned. But the flying generals of Dragon City are here, and Hu Ma is not taught to cross the Yin Mountain.

This is a famous frontier fortress poem, which expresses the poet’s wish to appoint good generals, quell the war at the frontier fortress as soon as possible, and enable the people to live a stable life.

2. Wang Han’s “Liangzhou Song” A luminous cup of grape wine. If you want to drink pipa, you will be reminded immediately. Don’t laugh when you are lying drunk on the battlefield. How many people have fought in ancient times.

This poem describes a rare banquet for frontier soldiers, showing the excitement and excitement, and the scene of drinking happily before resting. It is a portrayal of the desolate environment of the border and the tense and turbulent military life. It has a strong The colors of the frontier and the flavor of military camp life.

3. Cen Shen’s “Song of White Snow Sends Magistrate Wu Back to the Capital” The north wind blows and the white grass breaks on the ground, and it snows in August. Suddenly a spring breeze comes overnight, and thousands of pear trees bloom.

4. Wang Zhihuan’s “Liangzhou Ci” The Yellow River is far up among the white clouds, and the isolated city is surrounded by Wanren Mountains. Why bamboo flute complain willow, spring is not degree Pass.

5. Wang Wei’s “Envoy to the Fortress” The north wind blows and the grass on the ground is broken, and it snows in August. Suddenly a spring breeze comes overnight, and thousands of pear trees bloom.

6. Wang Changling’s “Army March” The long clouds in Qinghai darken the snow-capped mountains, and the isolated city looks at Yumen Pass in the distance. Yellow sand can wear golden armor in a hundred battles, and Loulan will never be returned until it is broken.

7. Li He’s “Horse” The sand in the desert is like snow, and the moon in Yanshan Mountain is like a hook.

8. Li He’s “Yanmen Prefect’s Journey” Black clouds are pressing down on the city, threatening to destroy it, and the armor’s light is shining towards the golden scales of the sun. The sound of the trumpet fills the autumn sky, filled with rouge and the night purple. A half-rolled red flag is near the Yishui River, and the sound of heavy frost and cold drums cannot be heard. I will report to you on the golden platform and support the jade dragon as your companion.

9. Introduction to scenic spots in the northwest region

Thousands of years of cultural accumulation have endowed Xi’an with unique above-ground and underground cultural relics, making it like a living history textbook. You can appreciate the majesty of the Qin Empire from the Terracotta Warriors and Horses of the Mausoleum of the First Emperor of Qin; you can experience the richness and splendor of the Tang culture from the Tang Dynasty Daming Palace National Heritage Park, Tang Huaqing Palace ruins, and Qujiang Cultural New District; you can see the majesty of the northwest important town of the Ming Dynasty from the city walls and bell and drum towers. Of course, there are also many well-known scenic spots such as the Shaanxi History Museum, the Forest of Steles Museum, and the Grand Mosque. These countless historical sites and rare cultural relics silently tell the glory and vicissitudes of this Chinese cultural capital. In ancient times, everyone must have wanted to ride their horses and whip their whips and “see all the scenery of Chang’an in one day.”

1. The eighth wonder of the world. In 1974, the discovery of the Terracotta Warriors and Horses pit in the Mausoleum of Qin Shihuang shocked the world. This underground sculpture group built in the 3rd century BC shows people the splendid splendor of ancient oriental culture with its majestic momentum, mighty military formations and lifelike pottery figurines, regardless of the construction age, architectural scale and artistic effect. It is comparable to the “Seven Wonders of the World”. As a result, the reputation of “the eighth wonder of the world” spread like wildfire and became synonymous with the Terracotta Warriors and Horses in the Mausoleum of Qin Shihuang.

2. The Big Wild Goose Pagoda is located in Ci’en Temple, 4 kilometers outside Hepingmen. According to legend, it was built in the third year of Yonghui in the Tang Dynasty. Master Xuanzang went to India to learn Buddhist scriptures. He requested that a pagoda be built in the temple to store the scriptures he brought back from India. This pagoda was originally named Sutra Pagoda. Later generations called it the Big Wild Goose Pagoda. This towering tower aroused admiration from the world.

  This Big Wild Goose Pagoda with a history of more than 1,300 years has become a unique symbol of the ancient city of Xi’an. When the Big Wild Goose Pagoda was first built, it had only five floors and a height of 60 meters. It was modeled after the pagodas in the Western Regions. After many repairs, the tower is now 64 meters high, with a total of 7 floors, and each base is 25 meters long. The Big Wild Goose Pagoda is an excellent example of Chinese pavilion-style brick pagodas. The tower body is made of blue bricks, with arches on all sides of each floor. This pavilion-style brick tower is simple in shape, majestic, and has significant national characteristics and contemporary style. As for the word “big” before the wild goose pagoda, it was because later generations wanted to distinguish it from the small wild goose pagoda of Jianfu Temple.

  There is a wooden ladder inside the tower. You can climb up the tower in a spiral way. You can lean on the railing and enjoy the beautiful scenery of Guanzhong. On both sides of the south gate on the ground floor of the Big Wild Goose Pagoda, there are two stone tablets inlaid, one is “The Holy Preface to the Tripitaka of the Tang Dynasty”, which is the general preface to the scriptures translated by Xuanzang in the 22nd year of Zhenguan (648) by Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty. The other “Preface to the Holy Teachings of the Tripitaka of the Tang Dynasty” is an inscription written by Emperor Gaozong of the Tang Dynasty for the “Preface to the Holy Teachings”. These two tablets are important cultural relics for the study of calligraphy, painting, and sculpture art in the Tang Dynasty. In particular, the line-carved hall diagram on the lintel of the west stone gate of the pagoda is precious information for studying the architecture of the Tang Dynasty.

3. An City Wall is located in the central area of ​​Xi’an. It is rectangular in shape and includes a series of military facilities such as moats, suspension bridges, gate towers, watchtowers, main towers, turrets, watchtowers, parapets, and crenels. It constitutes a strict and complete urban defense system in the cold weapon era.

  The Xi’an City Wall was built between the third and eleventh years of Hongwu in the Ming Dynasty (1370-1378 AD), and was expanded based on the imperial city walls of the Sui and Tang Dynasties in the 6th century AD. The Ming city wall is rectangular, with a circumference of about 13.79 kilometers, a height of 12 meters, a top width of 12 to 14 meters, and a bottom width of 15 to 18 meters. The wall is mainly made of loess, with a little lime, fine sand, and wheat straw knots added, mixed with water, and tamped in layers. The city wall is flat and wide, with enemy towers protruding out of the wall built every 120 meters, and enemy towers built on the platforms, a total of 98 in the city. The distance between the piers and piers is equal, and every two enemy piers can form a favorable fire attack point, thereby effectively shooting enemies climbing the city wall in wartime. There are 2-meter-high crenellated walls built on the outer edge of the top of the city wall. There are 5,984 crenellations on them, which can be used for archery and observation, and can effectively avoid enemy arrows. There is a half-person-high parapet built along the inner edge of the top of the wall without crenellations. Its function is to prevent soldiers and baggage from falling when going to and from the city wall. The four corners of the city wall have turrets that protrude outside the city. Except that the southwest corner is round, which may be to maintain the original shape of the Tang Imperial City corner, the rest are square. Build a turret at each corner.

  Outside the city wall there is a “moat” (moat) surrounding the city wall. The moat is more than 30 meters wide and 12-15 meters deep. There are 6-meter-wide horse paths and 6 slopes within the city wall to facilitate the defenders’ movement up to the city.

4. Ground.

  What to watch: “Give me one day and I will give you ten thousand years”: Thirteen of the most glorious dynasties in Chinese history, including Zhou, Qin, Han and Tang, once established their capitals in Xi’an. Rich cultural relics and profound cultural accumulation have formed Shaanxi’s unique historical and cultural features. Known as the “Pearl of the Ancient Capital and the Treasure House of China”, the Shaanxi History Museum condenses the essence of the Chinese nation’s five thousand years of history and has rich and exquisite collections. It is an art palace displaying ancient Chinese civilization and Shaanxi history and culture. Shaanxi History Museum is located at No. 91 Xiaozhai East Road, Xi’an City, on the northwest side of the intersection of Xiaozhai East Road and Cuihua Road. It covers an area of ​​about 70,000 square meters. It is China’s first large-scale modern national museum and a national 4A-level museum. Tourist attractions. Shaanxi Province is one of the birthplaces of ancient Chinese civilization. Xi’an was the capital of 13 dynasties for more than 1,100 years. It is considered the center stage of Chinese history. Therefore, there are extremely rich cultural relics on the ground and underground. Only the tombs of emperors There are more than 70 seats. As early as 1973, when Prime Minister Xi Jinping accompanied foreign guests to visit the Shaanxi Provincial Museum in the Forest of Steles in Xi’an, he pointed out: Shaanxi has many cultural relics and small exhibition rooms. A new museum will be built at an appropriate time, and the location may be near the Big Wild Goose Pagoda.

  On June 20, 1991, the Shaanxi History Museum was built and officially opened in accordance with Premier Zhou’s last wish. It is of a high level in terms of the museum’s architecture, internal facilities, and exhibits. It can be called the best museum in my country. This building designed by Zhang Jinqiu, a famous female architect in my country, is a Tang-style architectural complex with “central hall and four corner towers”. It is well-ordered in order of priority and order, with well-proportioned heights. It is powerful and solemn, reflecting the style of a broad and glorious era. , which not only embodies the imperial momentum of the ancient capital of the 13th dynasty, but also incorporates the design techniques of traditional gardens and residential buildings. The theme building adopts black, white, gray and other elegant colors as a whole, creating a solemn, simple and magnificent modern space environment with a rich traditional cultural atmosphere.

  There are more than 370,000 cultural relics in the collection here, ranging from simple stone tools used in the early stages of ancient mankind to various artifacts in social life before 1840, with a time span of more than one million years. The cultural relics are not only numerous in quantity and variety, but also of high grade and wide value. Among them, the bronzes of the Shang and Zhou Dynasties are exquisite, the pottery figurines of the past dynasties are in various shapes, the gold and silverware of the Han and Tang Dynasties are unique in the country, and the murals of Tang tombs are unparalleled in the world. It can be described as a dazzling array of exquisite products. In addition to regular displays, the museum also holds various special displays and temporary exhibitions from time to time.