Folk customs information

Welcoming Spring in the Eastern Suburbs Welcoming Spring on the Beginning of Spring is an important activity performed by the Chinese ancestors on the Beginning of Spring. It is an activity that everyone from the emperor to the common people participates in. In the Zhou Dynasty, at the beginning of spring, the emperor personally led the three gongs and nine ministers, princes and officials to the eastern suburbs to welcome the spring and pray for a good harvest. After returning, he should reward his ministers with good deeds and orders to benefit the people. This kind of activity will inevitably affect the common people, making it a spring celebration activity for the whole people for generations to come. In ancient times, the Spring Festival activities began in the eastern suburbs, because the God Jumang worshiped in the Spring Festival activities was the god of the East. Later, Spring Festival activities were held not only in the eastern suburbs, but also in the palace, in front of government offices and other places, and the content of the activities became more and more abundant. In the Song Dynasty, on the day of the beginning of spring, ministers and ministers below the prime minister came to the court to congratulate them (“Mengliang Lu” written by Wu Zimu in the Song Dynasty). This kind of celebration at the beginning of spring was also a kind of spring welcoming activity. In the Qing Dynasty, there was also the so-called custom of worshiping spring: the first day of spring was the spring dynasty, and scholars and common people celebrated each other, which was called “worshiping spring”. The powder is made into pills, which are worshiped to the gods and offered to the ancestors. The rituals are as follows: the New Year’s Day and the Winter Solstice (Worship of Spring in “Qing Jia Lu” by Gulu of the Qing Dynasty). This kind of spring greeting activity is similar to the New Year greetings on New Year’s Day, and it is also a kind of spring welcoming activity. The Spring Welcome Ceremony is also called the Spring Festival. Spring posts are also called spring posts, spring posts, and spring posts. This is a kind of post with poems in a book that is cut and posted on the palace door tent on the first day of spring. The style of poetry is close to that of palace poetry, mostly composed of quatrains, with beautiful writing skills. Most of the content is about praising virtues or containing regulations and admonitions. Posting spring posters and writing spring poems on the first day of spring were very popular in the Song Dynasty. The Spring Ox is a symbolic cow used to encourage farmers to start plowing at the beginning of spring. It is made of mud and paper and is also called “earth cow”. On the first day of spring, the emperor led his ministers to welcome the spring in the eastern suburbs and whipped the spring oxen to encourage farming. The scholars and people all went out of the city to watch. Eating spring pancakes on the first day of spring is called “Bite Chun”. Folks eat some fresh spring vegetables on the day of the Beginning of Spring, not only to prevent diseases, but also to welcome the New Year. The “Four Seasons Treasure Mirror” of the Tang Dynasty records: At the beginning of spring, people eat reeds, spring pancakes, and lettuce, which is called “vegetable plate”. It can be seen that people in the Tang Dynasty had already begun to try spring dishes and eat spring cakes. The so-called spring cake, also called lotus leaf cake, is actually a kind of hot noodle pancake – use two small pieces of water, grease the middle with oil, roll it into a pancake, and peel it into two pieces after it is cooked. Spring pancakes are used to wrap vegetables, including cooked and stir-fried vegetables. In the past, when eating spring pancakes, it was important to go to the box shop to order “Su Pan” (also known as box dishes). A box shop is a sauce butcher shop, and the store sends people to deliver food to your home. In the box, smoked tripe, pine nut tripe, roasted pork (a hanging oven roasted pork), clear sauce pork, smoked elbow, sauced elbow, sauced strips, smoked chicken, sauced duck, etc. need to be cut with a different knife when eating. Cut into thin strips, and serve with several home-cooked dishes (usually stir-fried leek sprouts with shredded pork, stir-fried spinach with shredded pork, mung bean sprouts cooked with vinegar, fried vermicelli, spread eggs, etc. If you have the newly launched “pheasant neck leek” stir-fried lean meat Shredded, and topped with eggs, it is even more delicious and delicious), rolled into spring cakes and eaten together. As an integral part of Chinese traditional culture, Chinese traditional folklore is conceived, produced and inherited under the constraints of the unique natural environment, economic methods, social structure, political system and other factors of the Chinese nation. Therefore, Chinese traditional folklore has both human folklore and They have common characteristics, but also have unique personalities that are different from other countries and nations. Analyzing and revealing the basic characteristics of Chinese traditional folk customs is a necessary step in the study of folk culture. Its description and description of various specific events should be two complementary and indispensable aspects for in-depth study of Chinese folk customs.