Implementation of foreign tour groups taking cruise ships. Foreign tour groups taking cruise ships to enter the country.

Introduction: Implementation of foreign tour groups entering by cruise ship. Foreign tour groups entering by cruise ship. 1. Foreign tour groups entering by cruise ship. 2. Foreign tour groups entering by cruise ship. 3. Foreign tour groups entering by cruise ship. 4. Foreign tour groups entering by cruise ship. 5. Foreign tourism The entry of foreign tourist groups by cruise ship 6. The entry of foreign tourist groups by cruise ship 7. The entry of foreign tourists by cruise ship 8. The entry of foreign tourist groups by cruise ship 9. The requirements for the entry of foreign tourist groups by cruise ship

1. Foreign tour groups enter the country by cruise ship

Speaking of the Marco Polo Bridge Incident, people often don’t quite understand one question: Aren’t the Japanese troops staying in Northeast China? When the Marco Polo Bridge Incident occurred in 1937, North China had not fallen. How could there be Japanese Japs in the Wanping Marco Polo Bridge area? Where did they come from?

To answer this question, we have to start with the Treaty of Xinchou. On September 7, 1901, the Qing government was forced to sign the most humiliating Treaty of Xinchou in modern Chinese history with various foreign powers. Through this treaty, the great powers not only extorted 450 million taels of silver from the Qing government, but also attached many harsh conditions. One of them was that foreign troops could be stationed in Beijing and 12 strategic locations along the line from Beijing to Shanhaiguan. In fact, as early as four months before the signing of the “Xinchou Treaty”, the Japanese government announced the establishment of the “Qing Garrison Army” (renamed “Chinese Garrison Army” in 1912) in the name of “protecting overseas Chinese” and “protecting roads” ), Lieutenant General Hisanao Oshima was appointed as the first commander. The headquarters is located in Haiguang Temple, Tianjin. The barracks are located in Haiguang Temple and Dongjiaominxiang, Beijing. The troops are deployed in Beijing, Tianjin, Tanggu, Qinhuangdao, Shanhaiguan and other places.

Among the Japanese armies that invaded China, the most famous was the “Kwantung Army”. But compared with the “Chinese Garrison Army”, the “Kwantung Army” is just a “junior”. It was established in 1919, a full 18 years later than the “Chinese Garrison Army”. It was the 3rd Battalion (Batalion) of the 1st Regiment (Regiment) of the Chinese Garrison Army Infantry Brigade stationed in Fengtai that caused the Marco Polo Bridge Incident in 1937. At that time, Japan’s “Chinese Garrison Army” had been stationed in Peiping for 36 years.

Why choose Marco Polo Bridge

The Japanese have always been known for their seriousness and meticulousness. Setting the location of the attack at Marco Polo Bridge was by no means a casual decision, but a well-premeditated decision.

Marco Polo Bridge has been a strategic location and transportation chokepoint since ancient times. Battles to defend and seize the bridge have continued throughout history. In the 20th century, another railway bridge was built not far to the north of Marco Polo Bridge. In 1905, the Ping-Han Railway, China’s main transportation artery, was opened to traffic. In addition, there are two railway branch lines in the Marco Polo Bridge area, one reaching Beiping and Tongxian; the other connecting to the Beining line via Fengtai. In this way, the Marco Polo Bridge area has become the convergence point of the three railway lines of Ping-Han, Ping-Sui and Ping-Tianjin, and its strategic position has become even more important.

As we all know, after Japan occupied the three eastern provinces of China in the September 18th Incident, Japan’s next goal was to seize North China, and the Pingjin area was the political, military, economic, and cultural core of North China. Among them, Peiping’s status was particularly important. The Japanese army even believed: “As long as Take Peiping and the rest will surrender without a fight.”

By the eve of the July 7th Incident, the Japanese army had formed a situation of surrounding Peiping on three sides:

To the east, there is the Jidong puppet regime and its puppet troops supported by the Japanese army; to the north, there is the puppet Mongolian autonomous government headed by King De, concocted by the Japanese invaders; to the southeast, the Japanese army has occupied Fengtai, a strategic point. As a result, only the Marco Polo Bridge in the southwest of Peiping is still under the control of the Chinese army. The Marco Polo Bridge is the only channel for Peiping to maintain external communication and has become a must-do battle between China and Japan. Someone pointed out at that time: “The gain or loss of the Marco Polo Bridge depends on the survival of Peiping; the gain or loss of Peiping depends on the survival of the North China Plain; and the northwest, Longhai Line and even the Yangtze River Basin are also threatened by it.” This fully shows that the Japanese army Taking Marco Polo Bridge as the first target of attack was by no means a temporary decision in response to an incident, but a long-planned strategic step in launching a full-scale war of aggression against China.

Revealing the secrets of where did the Japanese in Marco Polo Bridge come from?

Where are the “missing Japanese soldiers”?

Before the July 7th Incident, the Japanese army held many exercises in the Marco Polo Bridge area with the Chinese defenders as imaginary enemies, and continued to carry out provocations. On the morning of July 7, 1937, the Japanese army came to the area north of Marco Polo Bridge for exercises again. In the afternoon, the 8th Company of the 3rd Battalion of the 1st Regiment of the Japanese Riverside Brigade stationed in Fengtai, led by company commander Shimizu Setsuro, departed from the barracks and drove to the northwest of Marco Polo Bridge near the Dragon King Temple to conduct a night exercise.

At 7:30, dusk fell, and Setsuro Shimizu ordered the troops to start night exercises. Some Japanese military officers and imaginary enemies immediately moved eastward. After it became completely dark, nearly 600 troops moved to the east where the imaginary enemy was. At this time, there was no moon in the sky, and Wanping City was looming in the night. Inside and outside the city, swords were drawn and the situation was imminent.

In this dark night, the Japanese army put their long-planned invasion plan into practice step by step. Around 10:30, the 29th Army garrison in Wanping suddenly heard a burst of gunfire from the Japanese military exercise position northeast of the city. Under the silent night, the sound of gunfire was so harsh that it attracted the close attention of the Wanping defenders.

After a while, several Japanese soldiers came to Wanping City, claiming that a soldier was missing, and asked to enter the city to search, but the guards refused. The Japanese army immediately surrounded Wanping County and opened fire in demonstrations. At the same time, Kiyomizu Setsuro sent someone to Fengtai to report to the battalion commander Ichiki Kiyoshi, requesting the dispatch of troops for support. Immediately after Ichiki arrived at the report, he immediately reported to his immediate superior, Mutaguchi Renya, the commander of the 1st Regiment. Muta immediately ordered Ichiki to lead the 3rd Battalion to Marco Polo Bridge for reinforcements.

Just like the September 18th Incident, the cause of the July 7th Incident was also directed and acted by the Japanese. Afterwards, the Japanese claimed that the “first shot” was fired by “communist students”. This is of course nonsense. As for the so-called “missing soldiers”, it is also outrageous. The “missing” soldier’s name was Shimura Kikujiro. He was a private who left the team due to relieving himself and returned to the team soon after. After Kiyomizu Setsuro found out, he deliberately did not report it. After the war, someone asked him why he didn’t report it at that time. Qingshui hesitated and said, “This was an unimaginable accident and it was my mistake. I can’t remember clearly now.” At 2 o’clock in the morning on July 8, Battalion Commander Ichiki Kiyonao had learned the news of Shimura Kikujiro’s return to the team, but he thought: “Even the commander of the regiment issued an order for negotiation and then stopped it because of this. I don’t know how the Chinese side will publicize it.” What?” So the military operations were not stopped. However, since then, the Japanese army secretly changed the excuse for provocation from “missing soldiers” to “illegal shooting,” and even simply denied that it had ever asked the Chinese side to search for “missing soldiers.”

2. Foreign tourist groups enter the country by cruise ship

15-day visa-free policy for cruise entry

3. Foreign tour groups enter the country by cruise ship

All required passports, visas and in some cases multiple entry visas may be required before departure for travel.

Caribbean cruises: Multiple entry U.S. visa required

Alaska route: Requires visas from the United States and Canada

Japan-South Korea routes: A single entry visa to Japan is required (enter Japan first)

South Korea and Japan routes: It is required to hold entry visas for South Korea and Japan respectively (enter South Korea first)

4. Foreign tour groups enter the country by cruise ship

Foreign tourist groups are exempted from visa for 15 days of cruise entry.

Entry and exit procedures for cruise ships and yachts support the implementation of visa-free entry for 15 days for foreign tourist groups taking cruise ships. Foreign tourist groups of 2 or more can be organized, received and arranged by domestic legally registered travel agencies to arrange visa-free entry and stay for the whole group from the Shanghai cruise port. The time shall not exceed 15 days from the day after entry, and the scope of activities is also limited.

On the day of boarding, the travel agency leader must bring the original valid group departure list and prepare the travel documents of all team members including passports and ferry tickets, and then go to the check-in counter to handle relevant procedures. But not all cruises to Japan are visa-free. The visa exemption for Chinese cruise tourists requires each shipping company to apply to the relevant Japanese authorities on a ship-by-ship basis, and it can only be implemented after being approved.

It is reported that there are currently 11 cruise ships approved for visa-free entry, namely: China Taishan, Costa Victoria, Costa Atlantic, Costa Selena, Virgo, Millennium, Ocean Mariner, Natica, MSALBATROS, Ocean Dream, Aquarius. Among them, the five cruise ships departing from Shanghai as their home port this year include China Taishan, Costa Victoria, Costa Atlantic, Costa Selena, and Ocean Mariner.

5. Foreign tourist groups enter the country by ship

[Macau’s new immigration law takes effect today to add additional controls] The “Legal System for Entry and Exit Control, Stay and Residence Permits of the Macao Special Administrative Region” takes effect today. The new law includes: administrative procedures for granting entry, stay and residence permits to the Macao Special Administrative Region, passports and travel Documents other than documents that are accepted for entry and exit control purposes, the minimum remaining validity period of entry and exit documents, the system of special authorization to stay, and the two more important fees of residence permit and late renewal. New regulations on minimum subsistence resources for non-residents entering the country will be implemented on the same day.

The certificate is valid for at least three months

Compared with the original regulations, the new regulations add and adjust a number of contents, including: stipulating the period during which the administrative authorities can process applications for special permission to stay and residence; and increasing the minimum period of validity of the entry-exit document that must be granted after the period of stay. to ninety days; add special permits for the provision of services within the scope of cooperation activities between public entities, performance of arbitrator duties, performance of representative duties within the scope of intergovernmental or interregional cooperation, and traditional traders; adjust the validity period and renewal regulations of residence permits , in particular, the provision in the original system that the residence permit can still be renewed within 180 days after the expiration of the validity period has been cancelled, and it has been clarified that the residence permit will become invalid due to the expiration of the validity period, and a transitional arrangement for renewal has been established for this purpose.

Purpose of visa entry application

The new law also stipulates that non-residents must declare their purpose of entry when applying for a visa from the embassy or consulate of the People’s Republic of China abroad or applying for a pre-entry permit from the Residence and Stay Affairs Department of the Public Security Police Force. Therefore, there is no need to make a declaration when entering the Macao Special Administrative Region. , except for cases where the purpose of entry is temporarily changed to tourism or the same entry purpose other than tourism. Under normal circumstances, as long as the activities you intend to engage in do not require pre-approval from the competent authorities of Macao (for example, holding performances in public places, engaging in labor work, etc., you must obtain permission in advance) and do not conflict with current laws and regulations, you can be allowed to enter after making a declaration. In order to cooperate with the implementation of the new law, starting today, the “Immigration Declaration Form” issued to non-residents when entering the country will be renamed “Authorization to Stay” and adopt a new format, which contains the purpose of entry. If non-residents are found to be engaged in activities in Macao that clearly deviate from the purpose of entry, their stay permit and time limit for departure may be revoked in accordance with the law, and their entry may be restricted.

In addition, the SAR government has announced, in the form of instructions from the Chief Executive, to stipulate the subsistence resources that non-residents must have when entering and staying in the Macao SAR. Non-residents who are over 18 years old must prove that they have sustainable resources to satisfy themselves and their parents when entering the Macao Special Administrative Region. For family members, the minimum stay is 5,000 patacas for a stay of not more than seven days, and the minimum stay is 20,000 patacas for a stay of more than 21 days. The required amount does not necessarily need to be cash, but can be bearer transferable instruments such as travellers’ checks or negotiable securities, or electronic wallets accepted in Macau, etc. The instructions and the new immigration law take effect simultaneously today.

6. Foreign tourist groups entering the country by cruise ship

Since October 1, 2016, Shanghai has implemented a 15-day visa-free policy for foreign tourist groups entering the country by cruise ship. Foreign tourist groups (2 people or more) can be organized, received and arranged by a legally registered travel agency in China to enter the whole group from the Shanghai cruise port without a visa, and the stay shall not exceed 15 days (counted from the next day of entry)

The scope of activities is limited to coastal provinces and Beijing City, namely: Shanghai, Liaoning Province, Hebei Province, Tianjin City, Shandong Province, Jiangsu Province, Zhejiang Province, Fujian Province, Guangdong Province, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, and Hainan Province. The city where the port is located and its surrounding provincial cities are within the administrative area and Beijing City.

7. Foreign tourists enter the country by cruise ship

Pitana, Director of the Overseas Tourism Promotion Department of the Indonesian Ministry of Tourism, introduced these three preferential measures at a press conference.

First, starting from June this year, Chinese tourists traveling to Indonesia will enjoy the same visa-free treatment as 89 other countries. The visa-free tourist visa cannot exceed 30 days, and cannot be extended or changed to other stay statuses. In addition, Chinese tourists can enter Indonesia through 14 ports, including 5 international airports and 9 seaports, and leave through 50 customs exits in Indonesia.

The second is to lift entry restrictions for foreign cruise ships. Foreign cruise ships can sail into Indonesian waters and go through customs clearance procedures at 18 ports;

The third is to remove restrictions on the coastal navigation rights of foreign cruise ships. Foreign cruise ships can pick up and disembark tourists at 5 ports in Indonesia. At the same time, the Indonesian Ministry of Tourism has also developed a tourist route specifically for Chinese tourists: “Looking for Zheng He’s Footprints.” This route involves 9 cities in Indonesia, including Jakarta, Surabaya, etc., making it the largest marine cultural heritage tourism route in the world.

8. Foreign tourist groups take cruises

Cruise ships are visa-free for 15 days.

Simplify the entry and exit procedures for cruise ships and support the implementation of two 15-day visa-free policies for foreign tourist groups taking cruise ships.

9. Requirements for entry of foreign tour groups on cruise ships

The July 7th Incident (July 7th – July 31st, 1937), also known as the Marco Polo Bridge Incident, occurred on July 7th, 1937 and was the starting point for the full-scale outbreak of the Anti-Japanese War in China.

Since the September 18th Incident in 1931, the Japanese invaders invaded Northeast my country and in order to further provoke a full-scale war of aggression against China, they have successively sent troops into the country. By 1936, the Japanese army had surrounded Peiping from the east, west and north. Since June 1937, the Japanese troops stationed in Fengtai have continuously held provocative military exercises. In 1937, the Japanese troops stationed in China brazenly launched the “July 7th Incident” (also known as the “Marco Bridge Incident”). Japan began a full-scale invasion of China, and the Anti-Japanese War broke out immediately.

On the night of July 7, 1937, the Japanese army used the excuse of a missing soldier to enter Wanping County, southwest of Peiping (today’s Beijing City), to conduct a search. The Chinese defenders rejected this unreasonable request. The Japanese army opened fire on Marco Polo Bridge and attacked the Chinese defenders in the city. The Ji Xing Wen Regiment of the 29th Army of the Chinese garrison fought back. This marked the beginning of the entire nation’s resistance to Japan.

The “Marco Bridge Incident” broke out and the situation became tense. The whole country called for an immediate and all-out war against Japan. On the afternoon of July 8, Chiang Kai-shek received a telegram jointly signed by Mao Zedong, Zhu De, Zhou Enlai and other nine people: “Jun Jian, Chairman of the Chiang Kai-shek Committee in Lushan: The Japanese invaders attack Marco Polo Bridge and carry out their planned steps to seize North China with arms… The Red Army officers and soldiers are willing to Under the leadership of the Chairman, serve the country and deal with the enemy to achieve the purpose of protecting the country.” On July 9, Chiang Kai-shek received a telegram from Peng Dehuai, Lin Biao, Liu Bocheng, He Long and others on behalf of the entire Red Army: ” Our entire Red Army is willing to change its name to the National Revolutionary Army immediately, and please be named the Anti-Japanese Vanguard to fight the Japanese aggressors to the death!”

On the morning of July 17, Chiang Kai-shek, dressed in military uniform, formally issued the “Declaration of Resistance Against Japan” in front of more than 100 representatives of various parties and celebrities from all walks of life, solemnly announcing: “…We are about to reach the extremely miserable situation in the world where everyone is a slave and I am a fish. , we cannot refuse to fight! As for after the war has begun, we have no choice but to sacrifice and fight to the end. If we hesitate and think about peace, we will plunge the nation into a place of eternal disaster; if we give up the size of our land and sovereignty, we will be the eternal sinners of the Chinese nation. !… If the war breaks out, it will be irrespective of north and south, age, or youth. No matter who is in the war, everyone will have the responsibility to defend the war because they are determined to sacrifice everything!” Warm applause erupted from time to time in the venue. The call of 40 million compatriots to resist foreign aggression finally received an answer.